Back to Top
My Portal  |   Canvas  |   Distance Education  |   A - Z Index  |   Directory  |   People   Disability Accommodation Resources

Glossary of terms

This is a comprehensive list of general terms, including Accreditation terminology and college-related terms.

Please use it as a reference only. For feedback about this list, please email us.



A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M  
N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z


AA6 Associate in Arts Degree
AA6 Administrative Assistant
AA7 Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs: anesthesiologist assistant
AA13 Anesthesiologist Assistant
AAA13 American Ambulance Association
AAAA13 American Academy of Anesthesiologist Assistants
AAB7 Aviation Accreditation Board International: aviation
AABB13 Formerly American Association of Blood Banks
AACC12 American Association of Community Colleges
AACP13 American Academy of Cardiovascular Perfusion
AAFCS7 American Association of Family and Consumer Sciences: family and consumer sciences.
AAHEP13 Accreditation Review Committee on Anesthesiologist Assistant
AAMA13 American Association of Medical Assistants
AAN13 American Academy of Neurology
AAOP13 American Academy of Orthotists and Prosthetists
AAP13 American Academy of Pediatrics
AAST13 American Association of Sleep Technologists
AATS13 American Association for Thoracic Surgery
ABCOP13 American Board for Certification in Orthotics, Prosthetics and Pedorthics
ABCP13 American Board of Cardiovascular Perfusion
ABHES7 Accrediting Bureau of Health Education Schools: allied health
AC6 Assessment Committee
Academic Calendar15 Defined as that period between the first day of a fall semester and the last day of the following spring semester (California Education Code [CEC] 87661D)
ACBSP7 Association of Collegiate Business Schools and Programs: business administration, management accounting, and related business fields
ACC13 American College of Cardiology
ACCCA6 Association of California Community College Administrators
ACCJC4 Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior Colleges
ACCJC10 Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior Colleges. The ACCJC accredits associate degree granting institutions in California (and elsewhere). It is one of three commissions under the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC). Riverside City College is accredited by the ACCJC.
ACCJC Accreditation Standards10 The standards are in four parts: Institutional Mission & Effectiveness, Student Learning Programs and Services, Resources, and Leadership and Governance. Together they frame the dialogue for the accreditation process.
ACE12 American Council on Education
ACE Recommendations12 ACE offers six broad recommendations on accreditation: (1) Increase transparency and clearly communicate the results of accreditation. (2) Increase centrality of evidence about student success and educational quality. (3) Take prompt, strong and public action against substandard institutions. (4) Adopt a more “risk-sensitive” approach to regional accreditation. (5) Seek common terminology, promote cooperation and expand participation. (6) Enhance the cost-effectiveness of accreditation.
ACEP13 American College of Emergency Physicians
ACNS13 American Clinical Neurophysiology Society
ACP6 Annual Classification Panel
AC-PE13 Accreditation Committee – Perfusion Education
Accredited2 Institutions and/or programs that request an agency's evaluation and that meet an agency's criteria are then "accredited" by that agency.
Accrediting Organizations: Types11 (1) Regional Accreditors: Accredit public and private, mainly nonprofit and degree-granting, two- and four-year institutions. (2) National Faith-Related Accreditors: Accredit religiously affiliated and doctrinally based institutions, mainly nonprofit and degree-granting. (3) National Career-Related Accreditors. Accredit mainly for-profit, career- based, single-purpose institutions, both degree and non-degree. (4) Programmatic Accreditors. Accredit specific programs, professions and freestanding schools, e.g., law, medicine, engineering and health professions.
Accreditation1 A voluntary, non-governmental system of evaluation used to protect the public interest and to verify the quality of service provided by member institutions
Accreditation3 A process of ongoing school improvement that examines all aspects of the school program and operations in relation to the impact on high-quality student learning. A school conducts a self-study that serves as the basis for a review by a visiting committee of professional educators who assist the school in assessing the school’s effectiveness of the school’s program and operations and its impact on student learning. The school is assessed on the degree to which the school is meeting the WASC criteria and related accreditation factors that emphasize the key self-study outcomes and important aspects of the ongoing school improvement process.
Accreditation2 Accreditation is the recognition that an institution maintains standards requisite for its graduates to gain admission to other reputable institutions of higher learning or to achieve credentials for professional practice. The goal of accreditation is to ensure that education provided by institutions of higher education meets acceptable levels of quality.
Accreditation6w Accreditation means the status of public recognition that an accrediting agency grants to an educational institution or program that meets the agency's standards and requirements.
Accreditation4 Accreditation is a voluntary system of self regulation developed to evaluate overall educational quality and institutional effectiveness (The Commission’s complete Purpose Statement is available in Article I, section 2 of its Bylaws). The ACCJC accreditation process provides assurance to the public that the accredited member colleges meet the Standards; the education earned at the institutions is of value to the student who earned it; and employers, trade or profession-related licensing agencies, and other colleges and universities can accept a student’s credential as legitimate.
Accrediting Agency6w Accrediting agency or agency means a legal entity, or that part of a legal entity, that conducts accrediting activities through voluntary, non-Federal peer review and makes decisions concerning the accreditation or preaccreditation status of institutions, programs, or both.
Accrediting Agencies2 Organizations (or bodies) that establish operating standards for educational or professional institutions and programs, determine the extent to which the standards are met, and publicly announce their findings.
Accreditation Actions1 Any COA decision affecting the accreditation status of a program. These actions are: 1) grant precandidacy; 2) grant candidacy; 3) initially accredit; 4) continue accreditation; 5) conditionally accredit; 6) withdraw accreditation; or 7) deny initial accreditation
Accreditation Manuals (Protocols)3 Official manuals written by WASC that provide specific accreditation criteria and procedures required to earn accredited status. Each type of school has a specific protocol (manual and processes) to follow to achieve and maintain accredited status.
Accreditation Operation11 Accreditation of institutions and programs takes place on a cycle that may range from every few years to as many as 10 years. Accreditation is ongoing; the initial earning of accreditation is not entry to indefinite accredited status. Periodic review is a fact of life for accredited institutions and programs. Self-accreditation is not an option. An institution or program seeking accreditation must go through a number of steps stipulated by an accrediting organization: Self-Study; Peer Review; Site Visit; Judgment by Accrediting Organization; Periodic External Review
Accreditation Record13 Refers to all written materials available to CAAHEP documenting the program’s accreditation history.
Accreditation Standards13 Qualitative and Quantitative measures used in assessing a health science education program’s compliance with established national norms as described in a document called Standards and Guidelines for an Educational Program.
ACCSC7 Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges of Technology: occupational trade and technical education
ACE13 American Council on Exercise
ACFEI7 American Culinary Federation, Inc.: culinary arts and food service management
ACICS7 Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools: business and business- related programs
ACSM13 American College of Sports Medicine
ACOEP13 American College of Osteopathic Emergency Physicians
ACOG13 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
ACR13 American College of Radiology
ACT6w Act means the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended.
Action Plan3 (also called School-wide Action Plan or School Improvement Plan) A school’s step-by-step process that details specific activities using existing resources that can address a school’s identified growth needs. The Action Plan is a document that identifies specific growth goals, supporting action steps needed, person(s) responsible, resources needed, timeline for completion, and method of accountability. The Action Plan should govern all school improvement activities and events.
ACS13 American College of Surgeons
ACUP7 Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine: acupuncture
ADA6&14 American with Disabilities Act
ADAAA6 Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act
Add-On Track13 An Add-on Track is an additional competency statement added to an underlying concentration. At the programmatic level, an add-on track is not a stand-alone program and must be a part of an accredited underlying concentration.
ADEA (Federal Records)14 Age Discrimination in Employment Act
Adequacy5 From a capital outlay prospective, if a facility can support an instructional delivery system, it is considered adequate. If it cannot, it is considered inadequate and either the facility must be changed, or the instructional delivery system or the instructional course or program must be changed or abandoned in favor of one that can be taught effectively within the available facility. Facility designs must now be evaluated to see if they are educationally adequate for specific learning outcomes given better understanding of what kinds of experiences and facilities are essential to these outcomes.
Administrative Capacity3 The ability of school leadership to follow accreditation guidelines, create and implement an effective Action Plan, and monitor the results to achieve success. “Capacity” speaks of a school’s skill, abilities, and potential to achieve success.
Adequacy5 From a capital outlay prospective, if a facility can support an instructional delivery system, it is considered adequate. If it cannot, it is considered inadequate and either the facility must be changed, or the instructional delivery system or the instructional course or program must be changed or abandoned in favor of one that can be taught effectively within the available facility. Facility designs must now be evaluated to see if they are educationally adequate for specific learning outcomes given better understanding of what kinds of experiences and facilities are essential to these outcomes.
Administrative Probation13 It is applied to a program that has not complied with administrative requirement such as the payment of fees, the timely submission of reports, etc.
ADNUR7 National League for Nursing: Nursing (Associate Degree)
Adult School3 A postsecondary institution designed for post-high school students, especially adults, who need classes in such areas as English language acquisition, vocational training, enrichment classes, or credit recovery classes.
Adverse Accreditation Decision13 A CAAHEP action of Probation. Withhold Accreditation or Withdraw Accreditation.
Adverse Accrediting Action of Adverse Action6w Adverse accrediting action or adverse action means the denial, withdrawal, suspension, revocation, or termination of accreditation or preaccreditation, or any comparable accrediting action an agency may take against an institution or program.
Advisory Committee6w Advisory Committee means the National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity.
Affiliation with WASC3 The first step in the accreditation process that affirms a school’s desire to partner with WASC in the accreditation process. This is accomplished by completing the “Affiliation Form.”
Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA)14 Federal Records: Payroll or other records (Retention=3Years). Job applications, resumes, records of employment actions (hires, transfers, terminations, etc.). Records of overtime opportunities employee benefit plans, copies of merit or seniority systems (Retention=1 Year).
AHA6 American Heart Association
AIUM13 American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
AKTA13 American Kinesiotherapy Association
ALA1 American Library Association
ALISE1 Association for Library and Information Science Education. The mission of ALISE is to promote excellence in research teaching, and service for library and information science education.
ALOs12 Accreditation Liaison Officers
All Students6w A reference to the belief that all students in any school can learn at high levels and should have sufficient support to enable them to achieve the school-wide learner outcomes. Every student enrolled in the school regardless of subpopulation or unique characteristics, is included.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)14 Federal Records: Applications and other personnel records/Medical information is kept in separate file. See Civil Rights Act, Title VII below. (Retention=1 Year).
AMI13 Association of Medical Illustrators
AMSECT13 American Society of ExtraCorporeal Technology
ANEST7 American Association of Nurse Anesthetists: nurse anesthesia
Analysis of Learning Data3 The process by which school administrators, faculty members, and other stakeholders gather learning data (test scores, student work, pre-test/post-test data, state or national exams, etc.), disaggregate results (break data into smaller sub-groupings), analyze data by looking for trends, patterns, or anomalies, in order to draw conclusions and create recommendations to identified learning needs. The use of assessment data in school improvement planning is critical and is a characteristic of a mature, effective school.
Annual Report3 International WASC-accredited schools submit annual reports on progress made in responding to key issues identified by previous WASC Visiting Committees. Prior to October 2010, postsecondary schools receiving Title IV funds were required to submit an annual report to WASC. This is no longer required.
AOE6 Areas of Emphasis.
AP6 Advanced Placement
A/P6 Accounts Payable
AP10 Administrative Procedure. Administrative Procedures implement Board Policy, laws, and regulations. They address how the general goals of the District are achieved and define operations of the District. They include details of Policy implementation, responsibility, accountability, and standards of practice. Procedures should be vetted and approved through appropriate campus organizational processes.
APC6 Academic Planning Council
Appeal1 The right and process available to a program or institution for a review of the COA’s decision to withdraw accreditation or deny initial accreditation of the program.
Appeal13 A program may Appeal an accreditation decision if the decision resulted in a withdrawal or withhold of accreditation. The program sponsor must show that regarding CAAHEP’s decision: (1) the record does not support the decision; and/or (2) due process and proper procedure were not followed. Programs recommended for probation are not eligible for appeal nor are programs in an initial status of accreditation when the status is allowed to expire.
Appeal Panel Member13 An individual, recommended by the sponsor(s) of the Committee on Accreditation, who has knowledge of the relevant profession, is familiar with accreditation process, has a working knowledge of the appropriate Standards as well as the type of institution sponsoring the health science education program, and has no relationship past or present with the program sponsor or the accreditation process leading to the decision being appealed.
Appropriation Expiration Date5 Budget appropriations have limited time when claims may be made against the funds. All appropriations have a period of time where claims may be encumbered (reserved) and a period of time where cash may be distributed to cancel the encumbrances. The last day that cash may be distributed to pay the claims is called the appropriation expiration date. Funds not yet distributed return back (revert) to the authorizing account after the appropriation expiration date.
A&R6 Admissions & Records Office
ARC-PA7 Accreditation Review Commission on Education for the Physician Assistant: physician assisting program
ARCSTSA13 Accreditation Review Council on Education in Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting
ARC-MI13 Accreditation Review Committee for the Medical Illustrator
ART7 National Association of Schools of Art and Design: art and design
AS6 Associate in Science Degree
ASA13 American Society of Anesthesiologists
ASATT13 American Society of Anesthesia Technologists & Technicians
As Built5 Designates a category of working drawings that are reported to be consistent with an existing building. They assist with determining the location of utility lines and other characteristics of a building which cannot be observed.
ASAHP13 Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions. It represents four year institutions on the CAAHEP Board of Directors.
ASC13 American Society of Cytopathology
ASCP13 American Society of Clinical Pathology
ASCT13 American Society for Cytotechnology
ASECHO13 American Society of Echocardiography
ASET13 ASET – The Neurodiagnostic Society. American Society of Electroneurodiagnostic Technologists
ASF5 Assignable Square Footage
ASMVC6 Associated Students Moreno Valley College
ASNM13 American Society of Neurophysiological Monitoring
ASPA1 Association of Specialized and Professional Accreditors. ASPA-member accreditors set national educational standards for entry into approximately 40 specialized disciplines or professions. ALA/COA is a member of ASPA and follows its Code of Good Practice.
ASPA13 It is the professional association of accrediting bodies
ASRCCD10 Associated Students of the Riverside Community College District
ASRT13 American Society of Radiologic Technologists
Assessment4 Assessment: Carefully considered evidence to improve learning (from Barbara Walvoord: Assessment Clear and Simple – A Practical Guide for Institutions, Departments and General Education)
Assignable Square Feet5 ASF is used in conjunction with the Taxonomy of Programs to define capacity space standards in terms of square footage allowable per 100 Weekly Student Contact Hour (WSCH). If the campus has less space available than the amount allowable for every 100 WSCH, a capital outlay project may be justified, especially if realignment of existing space is not an option.
AST13 Association of Surgical Technologists
ATRA13 American Therapeutic Recreation Association
ATS13 American Thoracic Society
AT/T13 Anesthesia Technologist/Technician
AUD7 American Speech-Language-Hearing Association: audiology
AV6 Audio Visual
AV/TV5 Audio visual/television space is commonly used to designate high technology space. More common usage in recent years has referred to AV/TV space as control rooms and other such spaces dedicated to supporting computer network operations.
Baking-Out5 The building to prevent indoor air pollution. Newly completed construction is often times.
Ballot3 (also called Recommendation of a Term of Accreditation) The document produced by each Visiting Committee that recommends a specific accreditation status for the consideration of the WASC Commission. Visiting Committees make recommendations, but it is the WASC Commission that makes the final determination of accreditation status for all schools.
BAM5 Budget Allocation Model
BB13 Blood Banking
BBT7 Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs: blood bank technology
BCTC6 Ben Clark Training Center
Benchmark3 A standard of excellence, achievement, etc., against which similar things must be measured or judged.
BI7 Association for Biblical Higher Education: Bible college education
Biennial Narrative Report1 Required report submitted every two years to the COA by a dean sharing major developments and illustrating ongoing program planning.
Board10 The Governing Board/Board of Trustees of the Riverside Community College District.
BOT6 Board of Trustees
BP10 Board Policy. Board Policy is the voice of the Governing Board and defines the general goals and acceptable practices for the operation of the district. It implements federal and state laws and regulations. The board, through policy, delegates authority to and through the Chancellor to administer the District. The Chancellor and District employees are responsible to reasonably interpret Board Policy, as well as other relevant laws and regulations that govern the District. Policy is best expressed in broad statements that should be clear, succinct and current. Policies legally bind the district. Board Policies require official adoption/approval by the Board of Trustees.
Branch Campus6w Branch campus means a location of an institution that meets the definition of branch campus in 34 CFR 600.2.
BRPT13 Board of Registered Polysomnographic Technologists
BSI6 Basic Skills Initiative
Budget Change Proposal (BCP)5 The documents prepared each year by State and local agencies to advocate changes in a State agency’s budget. BCPs are reviewed by the State Department of Finance and the Office of the Legislative Analyst and, if approved, are used to modify the budget bill before it undergoes Legislative review.
Building Reconstruction5 The process of renovating buildings that have reached the end of their life span.
BUS7 AACSB International: The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business: business and management
BUSA7 AACSB International: The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business: accounting
C Department6 Communications Department
CAAHEP13 Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs was formed in 1995. Its predecessor organization was the Committee on Allied Health Education and Accreditation (CAHEA). It was part of the American Medical Association (AMA). It is comprised of both a Commission and a Board of Directors (BoD). The BoD is elected from the Commission. CAAHEP is the largest programmatic creditor in the health sciences field. In collaboration with its Committees on Accreditation, CCAAHEP reviews and accredits over 2000 educational programs in 23 health science occupations. CAAHEP is recognized by the Council for Higher Education Accreditation CHEA) and is also member of the Association of Specialized & Professional Accreditors (ASPA). It is a Section 501( c)(3) tax exempt organization.
CAAHEP Board of Directors13 Board is responsible for the approval of all accreditation recommendations and the review and approval of each set of Standards and Guidelines to which all CAAHEP accredited programs must adhere. Members of the Board are elected for three-year terms from amongst the Commissioners at the annual Commission meeting.
CAAHEP Certification13 CAAHEP is not involved in the Certification of individuals. Certification refers to the passing of an exam by an individual upon completion of an educational program to “show” competency in their chosen profession.
CAAHEP Commission13 The Commission is the governing entity of CAAHEP comprised of approximately 85 members (Commissioners). The majority of Commissioners represent either a CoA or a Sponsoring Organization. The remaining Commissioners represent deans of 4 year and 2 year colleges. Additionally, the Commission also has 3 appointed public members, one of whom represents recent graduates of accredited programs. Two of the public members serve both on the Commission and on the Board of Directors.
CACREP7 American Counseling Association, Council for Accreditation of Counseling &Related Education Programs: community counseling, marriage and family counseling, mental health counseling, school counseling, student affairs practice in higher education and counselor education and supervision.
Cal Grants Program3 A student-aid program in California that awards grants for college/university tuition to residents of the state who apply and who qualify. High school applicants must graduate from WASC-accredited schools to be eligible.
CalOSHA10 California Occupational Safety & Health Administration
Campus5&6 An institution that is like a college in most respects, but may not offer a full complement of programs or services and is combined with other campuses or a college into a single institution for accreditation purposes
Campus/College10 Upon confirmation of accreditation of the Moreno Valley and Norco campuses, whereby the District is then comprised of three Colleges, anywhere in the Board Policies or Administrative Procedures of the District that the term “campus(es)” is used, it shall be interchangeable with the term “college(s)”.
Candidacy Status1 Accreditation status indicating that the program is ready to begin the two-year process that culminates in the Program Presentation document, comprehensive review of the program, and a COA accreditation decision.
Candidacy Status3 A school that seeks WASC accreditation for the first time may be granted either “Candidacy” status or “Initial” status based on to what extent they meet or exceed WASC accreditation criteria. When a school has not yet met all WASC criteria and is at the basic level of operation, candidacy status is awarded. This cannot be considered “accreditation” status but signifies that the school in the process of seeking accreditation status.
CAO1 The chief academic officer at an institution of higher education, typically the Provost or Vice President for Academic Affairs.
CAP13 College of American Pathologists
CEA6 Commission on English Language Program Accreditation: English language
Capacity5 The amount of enrollment that can be accommodated by an amount of space given normal use levels. In terms of facility space standards, it is defined as the number of ASF per 100 WSCH.
Capital Improvements or Capital Improvement Process5 Activities concerned with planning, defining capital projects (demolition, alterations, additions, or new facilities), securing funding, and developing each project: programming, design, bid, and construction. Activities are expanding to encompass the development or modification of new forms of educational delivery systems beyond those currently identified (classroom, laboratory, office, library, and audio visual/television).
Capital Outlay Budget Change Proposal (COBCP)5 A type of Budget Change Proposal concerned with the construction of facilities and their related aspects. (See also Budge Change Proposal.) Under the procedures proposed in the Facilities handbook, a community college COBCP is composed of three major components: An Initial Project Proposal (IPP), a Final Project Proposal (FPP), and a Project Summary transmittal form.
Capital Outlay Budgeting5 The process of applying for capital funds, security approvals, using and accounting for the funds.
Capital Outlay Expansion5 See Capital Improvements.
Capital Projects5 Are specific construction projects, such as land, utilities, roads, buildings, and equipment projects. Capital projects may also be thought of in terms of “facilities systems”.
CARTE13 Committee on Accreditation of Recreational Therapy Education
CBOC6 Citizens Bond Oversight Committee
Cca6 College Association
CCA6 California College of the Arts
CCA6 California Culinary Academy
CCC10 California Community Colleges
CCLC9 Community College League of California
CCCT6 California Community College Trustees
CCR5&6 California Code of Regulations
CD5 Construction Documents
CEA7 Commission on English Language Program Accreditation: English language
CEC15 California Education Code
CEO1 The chief executive officer at an institution of higher education.
CEOCCC6 Chief Executive Officers of the California Community Colleges Board
CEQA5 California Environmental Quality Act
CFR8/10 Code of Federal Regulations. CFR is a codification (arrangement of) the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government.
Change Order5 Any change made to a signed contract is called a “change order.”
CHEA1 Council for Higher Education Accreditation. A private, nonprofit national organization that coordinates accreditation activity and recognizes regional, institutional, and professional accrediting agencies in the United States. ALA/COA is recognized by CHEA.
CHEA--Council for Higher Education Accreditation2 CHEA is a coordinating agency that carries out a recognition of accrediting agencies function in the private, nongovernmental sector.
CHEA13 Council for Higher Education. CHEA is the “accreditor” of ACCHEP.
CHIRO7 Council on Chiropractic Education: chiropractic education
CIDA7 Council for Interior Design Accreditation: interior design
CIQG12 CHEA International Quality Group creates a venue for quality assurance bodies, colleges, universities, businesses, foundations and others to work together to address international higher education quality assurance in international settings.
Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII (Federal Record)14 Federal Records: The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) does not require that any record be created, but once created, retention requirements apply. Applications and other personnel records that record employment actions, such as hiring, promotion, demotion, termination, transfer, layoff and recall. (Retention=1 Year from making the record or taking the personnel action. Where a charge or lawsuit is filed, all relevant records must be kept until “final disposition.” A copy of the current EEOC-1 Report must be retained for employers with 100 or more employees.
CLA1 Canadian Library Association
Closed Specifications5 Limits competitive bidding by establishing such stringent requirements that only a single material or system can meet them. Closed specifications cannot be used on public projects except: (1) in an emergency; (2) when they are part of an existing system; (3) when it has been determined to be in the public’s best interest; or (4) it is required for a test of a material or product to determine its suitability for future use.
CLPSY7 American Psychological Association: clinical psychology
CNCE7 Accrediting Council for Continuing Educational Training
CoA1 Committee on Accreditation, a standing committee of the American Library Association responsible for the implementation of the accreditation of library and information studies programs. The COA develops and formulates standards of education for library and information studies and policies and procedures for ALA.
CoA-ACS13 Committee on Accreditation for Advanced Cardiovascular Sonography
CoA-KT13 Committee on Accreditation of Education Programs for Kinesiotherapy
CoA-NDT13 Committee on Accreditation for Education in Neurodiagnostic Technology
CoA-PSG13 Committee on Accreditation for Polysomnographic Technologist Education
CoAEMSP6/13 Committee on Accreditation of Educational Programs for the EMS Professions
COAES13 Committee on Accreditation for the Exercise Sciences
COAT6 Core Operations Advisory Team
COBRA (Federal Record)14 Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
Co-Curricular Programs3 Programs which are complementary to the official curriculum, such as a civic or service activity outside the classroom.
CODA6 Commission on Dental Accreditation
COE7 Council on Occupational Education: occupational, trade and technical education
Collaborative Learning5 Instruction method in which students move about, working in small groups, sometimes with specially designed workstations.
College5 A degree-granting institution intended to provide instruction through the second year of college, including but not limited, to one or more of the following categories: (1) Standard collegiate courses for transfer to higher institutions; (2) Vocational and technical fields leading to employment; or (3) General or liberal arts courses for which institution the district intends to obtain accreditation. (CCR T5 Sec. 55827(a)
College Administration or Construction Managment5 The purpose of the “construction management” phase is to build the project as defined by the contract documents and any formal changes made to the contract. Construction administration by the owner’s representative includes interaction with the: (1) contractor on meetings, submittals, clarifications, change orders, payments, schedule, inspections, records, contract close-out procedures and all other aspects of construction; (2) district representatives on progress and expenditure reports, change orders, code approval reviews, and decisions; and (3) the architect and the inspector on their work. Aspects of construction administration, such as ongoing quality control testing and inspections, contract change orders, disputes and claims, contract close-out procedures, equipment commissioning, and post-occupancy procedures are discussed in the remaining parts of the facilities handbook chapter referencing this topic.
College Master Plan5 The written plan that results from the process by which a college determines the educational needs of its service area, identifies its priorities for meeting these needs based partly upon state standards and priorities, and assures that all of its educational operations, facilities and other resources are effectively directed towards meeting these needs.
College Master Plan5 College Master Plan is defined as a comprehensive planning document encompassing all of the functions of the college or district. Given the complexities of most communities, the master planning process is not a step-by-step, linear process but a dynamic process consisting of a mix of methods. Information and ideas are exchanged at every level, combined and recombined, until a particular approach emerges as a good choice. That approach is developed, often leading to new ideas and combinations, until a feasible plan is constructed and accepted. The plan must be idealistic enough to inspire improvement and change and realistic enough to be implemented successfully over time.
Collegial4 Collegial: Participative and mutually respectful.
Commission3 The WASC Commission consists of 32 members who represent the various constituencies of the schools that WASC accredits. The Commission includes representation from California, Haw aii, and International Schools, and also represents all types of schools, including public, charter, private, Christian, and postsecondary schools. The Commission meets three times a year to review all Visiting Committee reports on accreditation visits and make determination regarding the status of all schools that receive visits. The Commission also oversees the policies, criteria and finances of the organization.
Community Liaison Committee5 Committee assists community in the planning process on a periodic or on-going basis. Such a committee typically has representatives from education, business, government, and service organizations to the extent that their participation is relevant.
Competency3 A performance objective that satisfies the requirements of standards or criteria. Specialized knowledge, skills, and attitudes that are required for success.
Complaint13 A written and signed allegation received by the Commission or a CoA alleging that they or an accredited program are not following established Commission policies or accreditation Standards.
Compliance Report6w Compliance Report means a written report that the Department requires an agency to file to demonstrate that the agency has addressed deficiencies specified in a decision letter from the senior Department official or the Secretary.
Comprehensive High School3
A school that offers a full and complete academic program in all disciplines.
Comprehensive Review Process1 Periodic review of a program by the COA so that the Committee can evaluate a program’s conformity to the Standards. The process includes submitting the Program Presentation document, a two-day ERP on-site review, and a COA accreditation decision.
COMTA7 Commission on Massage Therapy Accreditation: massage therapy and bodywork
Concentrations13 Refers to specialties within a profession that have separate and independent minimum competency statements. For instance, a Diagnostic Medical Sonography program may offer concentrations in general, cardiac or vascular sonography.
Condition5 Demands from aging have been compounded by changes in facilities codes and regulations. When many utility systems, roads, and buildings were built, they were considered static, as buildings had been for decades. The magnitude of regulations that have intervened (asbestos, PCBs, seismic retrofit, handicap access and more), requiring constant reconstruction and, in many cases, shortening the effective life span of a facility, is staggering. Demands go beyond the capability of operations and maintenance departments and require phased capital outlay improvement projects.
Conditional Accreditation1 Accreditation status indicating the program’s need for significant and immediate improvement to maintain conformity with the Standards.
Conflict of Interest1 Disclosure of any personal, financial, and/or professional interest that might create a conflict with the ability to fairly and objectively carry out one’s responsibilities as an ERP or COA member.
Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA)14 Federal Records: Provide written notice to employees and their dependents of their option to continue group health plan coverage following certain instances where coverage under the plan would otherwise end. (Retention=3 years from the end of the contract.)
CONST7 American Council for Construction Education: construction education

Construction Administration or Construction Management5
The purpose of the “construction management” phase is to build the project as defined by the contract documents and any formal changes made to the contract. Construction administration by the owner’s representative includes interaction with the : (1) contractor on meetings, submittals, clarifications, change orders, payments, schedules, inspections, records, contract close-out procedures, and all other aspects of construction; (2) district representatives on progress and expenditure reports, change orders, code approval reviews, and decisions; and (3) the architect and the inspector on their work. Aspects of construction administration, such as ongoing quality control testing and inspections, contract change orders, disputes and claims, contract close-out procedures, equipment commissioning, and post-occupancy procedures are discussed in the remaining parts of the chapter in facilities handbook in which this topic is located.
Continued Accreditation1 Accreditation status granted to programs that continuously demonstrate evidence of their conformity to the Standards. Also known as accredited.
Continuing Accredidtation13 It is awarded after a program has already been initially accredited and then subsequently reviewed by the CoA at specified intervals. Continuing accreditation remains in place until the CAAHEP Board votes otherwise. Continuing accreditation is not time limited.
Faculty Member: Contract Member15 An academic employee who is appointed to a teaching or non-teaching position requiring more than 60% of a full-time load and who has served the District less than four full years.
Faculty Member: Part-Time Hourly15 An academic employee who is appointed to a teaching or non-teaching position requiring 60% or less of a full-time load and whose salary shall be paid on an hourly or pay-per0course basis.
Faculty Member: Regular Member15 An academic employee who is appointed to a teaching or non-teaching position requiring more than 60% of a full-time load and who has served the District four or more full years.
COPSY7 American Psychological Association: counseling psychology
CORE6 Core Operations Advisory Taskforce
CORE7 Council on Rehabilitation Education: rehabilitation counseling
Correspondence Education6w&4 Correspondence education means: (1) Education provided through one or more courses by an institution under which the institution provides instructional materials, by mail or electronic transmission, including examinations on the materials, to students who are separated from the instructor. (2) Interaction between the instructor and the student is limited, is not regular and substantive, and is primarily initiated by the student. (3) Correspondence courses are typically self-paced. (4) Correspondence education is not distance education.
Correspondence Education3 An educational method that provides written materials to students that are completed outside the traditional classroom setting. It usually consists of curricular materials and a syllabus that gives students directions on how to complete the coursework. The work is completed and sent to the directing agency or company who then grades the materials and provides the students with a grade.
COSME7 National Accrediting Commission of Cosmetology Arts and Sciences: cosmetology
Cost Efficiency5 A new factor to consider when evaluating capital improvements. In some circumstances, it is cost efficient to make a one-time capital improvement in exchange for an ongoing reduction in operation budget or a reduction in financial risk. With a broader definition of capital outlay, new possibilities arise with regard to cost efficiencies. It may be appropriate to provide the funds for a one-time capital outlay project, if there is an ongoing reduction in operations cost or financial risk. It also may be appropriate to provide funds for installation of an electronic delivery system in lieu of building construction.
COTF6 Core Operations Task Force
Council for Higher Education Accreditation11 The Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA) is a private, nonprofit national organization that coordinates accreditation activity in the United States. CHEA represents more than 3,000 colleges and universities and 60 national, regional and specialized accreditors.
Course Competencies/ Subject Area Results3 Established goals, objectives and expectations for what students are to know and be able to do upon the completion of a class course or sequence of courses within a subject area or program. These results are aligned with the expected school-wide learning results (school-wide learner outcomes) and “enable” students to progress toward accomplishing these results.
CPEC5 Capital Program Executive Summary
CPEC6 California Postsecondary Education Commission
CPRC13 Cytotechnology Programs Review Committee
Credential3 In California educational practice, a credential refers to the certificate granted by the California Department of Education that affirms that a teacher has completed an approved teacher education program and is eligible for public classroom duty. Public school teachers are required to have credentials and most private schools expect them as well.
Criterion (Criteria)3 A standard of judgment; a rule or principle for evaluating or testing something. WASC has specific criteria that lay out the requirements for accreditation.
Critical Areas for Follow-Up3 (also called Areas of Needed Improvement or Key Issues to Address) Critical areas for follow-up are identified by Visiting Committees and require specific actions policies, procedures, or responses to address them. Critical areas for follow-up are important findings that target future areas for ongoing school improvement.
CS7 Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, Inc.: computer science
CSC6 Community Service Coordinator (College Safety & Police Office)
CSEA6 California School Employees Association
CSEA10 California School Employees Association – the bargaining unit for classified service employees employed by the district in job classifications listed in the bargaining agreement.
CSU6 California State Universisty
CTA6 California Teachers Association
CTA10 California Teachers’ Association – the faculty bargaining unit.
CTE6 Career & Technical Education
Cumulative Impacts5 Two or more individual effects which, when considered together, are considerable or which compound or increase other environmental impacts. Several projects undertaken over time can have incremental impacts which have to be examined in their totality.
CUP5 Conditional Use Permit
Curriculum3 A school’s curriculum is the collection of courses of study given in a school college, university, etc., and includes teaching texts and supporting materials used. A school’s curriculum should be marked by the following characteristics:
  • Rigorous: A demanding curriculum based on themes and concepts that
encourages the student to achieve at high levels, to use “higher order thinking skills,” and to apply and synthesize knowledge.
  • Coherent: A curriculum that is viewed as a broadly conceived concept and
makes sense as a whole with subparts unified, connected, and integrated.
  • Aligned: A curriculum that has continuity throughout the grade levels so
that there is a building effect of learning year by year. Aligned curriculum always has the big picture in view as planning is done for each specific grade level.
  • Relevant: A curriculum should be based on current research in education,
and fit the needs of current society and the demands of career choices. Course offerings should fit the learning needs of students and prepare them for successful careers in modern society.
Curriculum Cycle5 The continuously evolving process of educational planning, approval, reporting, monitoring the conduct of, evaluating, and improving upon the curriculoum of a college.
CVT7 Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs: cardiovascular technology
CVT13 Cardiovascular Technology
CYTO7 Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs: cytotechnology
CYTO13 Cytotechnology
DA7 American Dental Association: dental assisting
DA Program6 Dental Assisting Program
DANCE7 National Association of Schools of Dance: dance
DAS6 District Academic Senate
Data4 Data: Data on the other hand refers to categories of information that represent qualitative or quantitative attributes of a variable or a series of variables, such as achievement data, e.g., retention rates and graduation rates. For data to be a useful and reliable source of information it should be accurate, tested for validity and significance, current and complete. (See also evidence)
Data Qualitative4 Data, Qualitative: Data relating to, or involving quality or kind, which cannot be represented numerically, such as portfolios of work, narrative description and evaluation of a performance, learner description and analysis of a learning experience.
Data Quantitative4 Data Quantitative: Data which can be represented numerically
Davis Bacon Act14 Federal Records: Basic employee data to include name, address, social security number, gender, date of birth, occupation, rate of daily and weekly pay, hours worked, deductions and actual pay. (Retention=3 years from the end of the contract)
DBAC6 District Budget Advisory Council
DD5 Design Development
Dean1 Chief academic officer (dean, director, or chair) of a program accredited by ALA.
Decision Document1 The official document sent to a program’s dean and to the institution’s chief executive officer conveying the COA’s accreditation decision following a comprehensive review.
Degree Award13 The Degree awarded refers to the type of “degree” awarded upon completion of the program (Diploma, Certificate, Associate Degree, and Baccalaureate Degree). The type of degree offered is dependent on the type of institution within which the program is housed.
DENT7 American Dental Association: dentistry
Designated Federal Official6w Designated Federal Official means the Federal officer designated under section 10(f) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. Appdx. 1.
DETC7 Distance Education and Training Council: home study schools
DH7 American Dental Association: dental hygiene
DH Program6 Dental Hygiene Program
Dialogue4 Dialogue: When a college community engages in self-reflective discussions, characterized by a free exchange of ideas without the purpose of defending or deciding on a course of action.
DIETC7 American Dietetic Association: coordinated dietetics programs
DIETD7 American Dietetic Association: didactic dietetics programs
DIETI7 American Dietetic Association: dietetic post-baccalaureate internships
DIETT7 American Dietetic Association: dietetic technician
Direct Assessment2 An instructional program that, in lieu of credit hours or clock hours as a measure of student learning, utilizes direct assessment of student learning, or recognizes the direct assessment of student learning by others, and meets the conditions of 34 CFR 668.10. For title IV, HEA purposes, the institution must obtain approval for the direct assessment program from the Secretary under 34 CFR 668.10(g) or (h) as applicable. As part of that approval, the accrediting agency must-- (1) Evaluate the program(s) and include them in the institution's grant of accreditation or preaccreditation; and (2) Review and approve the institution's claim of each direct assessment program's equivalence in terms of credit or clock hours.
Direct Assessment Program6w Direct assessment program means an instructional program that, in lieu of credit hours or clock hours as a measure of student learning, utilizes direct assessment of student learning, or recognizes the direct assessment of student learning by others, and meets the conditions of 34 CFR 668.10. For title IV, HEA purposes, the institution must obtain approval for the direct assessment program from the Secretary under 34 CFR 668.10(g) or (h) as applicable. As part of that approval, the accrediting agency must-- (1) Evaluate the program(s) and include them in the institution's grant of accreditation or preaccreditation; and (2) Review and approve the institution's claim of each direct assessment program's equivalence in terms of credit or clock hours.
Director1 Director of the Office for Accreditation.
Directory of Institutions Offering ALA-Accredited Master’s Programs1 List of library and information studies programs currently accredited by the American Library Association. A print directory is published annually; an electronic version is updated throughout the year.
Disaggregated Learning Data3 Once learning data has been gathered from multiple sources, the data should be broken down into smaller groups (disaggregation) for analysis. Learning data can be broken down by gender, ethnicity, language, learning disabilities, socio-economics, grade level, course, or program.
Distance Education3 A type of education in which students receive instruction over the internet, from a video, etc., instead of going to a traditional school (often called a brick and mortar school).
Distance Education2 An educational process that is characterized by the separation, in time or place, between instructor and student.
Distance Education6w&4 Distance education means education that uses one or more of the technologies listed in paragraphs (1) through (4) to deliver instruction to students who are separated from the instructor and to support regular and substantive interaction between the students and the instructor, either synchronously or asynchronously. The technologies may include-- (1) The internet; (2) One-way and two-way transmissions through open broadcast, closed circuit, cable, microwave, broadband lines, fiber optics, satellite, or wireless communications devices; (3) Audio conferencing; or (4) Video cassettes, DVDs, and CD-ROMs, if the cassettes, DVDs, or CD-ROMs are used in a course in conjunction with any of the technologies listed in paragraphs (1) through (3).
Distance Education5 Instruction in which the instructor and student are separated by distance and interact through the assistance of communication technology.
Distance Education13 It is defined as a formal educational process in which the majority of synchronous and asynchronous instruction occurs when student and instructor are not in the same place. Distance education includes, but is not limited to, correspondence study or audio, video and/or computer/internet technologies.
Distance Education Program13 It is defined as the delivery of the complete program that allows the completion of the entire curriculum without the need to attend any instruction on a campus location. (Note: This delivery is not hybrid or partial e-learning delivery.)
District10 The Riverside Community College District. The term “District” is used throughout the Board Policies and Administrative Procedures to refer to all colleges, centers, and other off-campus sites.
District Office5&6 An administrative, generally non-instructional, facility at a location separate from a college or campus. They are most common in multi-campus districts where more than one college and/or campus is served by a single administrative staff.
Diverse Population3 The variety of subpopulations in the school, populations defined by ethnicity, gender, religious affiliations/beliefs, ability levels, socio-economic status, etc.
DMOLS7 National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences: diagnostic molecular scientist
DMS7 Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs: diagnostic medical sonography
DMS13 Diagnostic Medical Sonography
DNUR7 National League for Nursing: nursing (Diploma)
Documentation and Justification Statement3 A document produced by each accreditation Visiting Committee that rates how well a school has met the required WASC criteria. This document accompanies the Visiting Committee Report and specifically rates each school as either highly effective, effective, somewhat effective, or ineffective in meeting WASC criteria.
DOE6 Department of Education
DOI6 Dean of Instruction
DPR6 District Program Review
DQP12 Degree Qualification Profile
DSA5 Division of the State Architect
DSPC6 District Strategic Planning Committee
DSPS6/10 Disabled Students Programs & Services
DT7 American Dental Association: dental laboratory technology
EC/Ed Code10 California Education Code
ECEC6 Early Childhood Education Center
Educational Center5&6 A postsecondary operation established and administered by an existing college or district at a location away from the campus of the parent institution. An educational center is an operation planned to continue for three or more years and expected to enroll over 500 FTES by the third year of operation. The center typically has an on-site administrator and may offer programs leading to certificates and/or degrees conferred by the parent institution. (CCR T5 Section 55827(b))
Educational Delivery Systems or Learning Environments5 Combinations of space and equipment. For example, lecture classes are increasingly supplanted or supplemented by assignments and class work that use varying combinations of small groups working collaboratively, often at computerized learning stations. The “lab,” “shop” and “studio” are becoming the central rather than the peripheral model for instruction. The definition used by California Community Colleges for a capital outlay project reflects the State definition -- a new construction, alteration, extension, or betterment of existing structure in excess of $250,000. However, to accommodate an additional 300,000 students and the potential for meeting this need through a variety of new instructional methodologies (including distance learning technologies, such as telecommunication networks and television broadcast stations with cable hookups), community colleges interpret the definition of capital outlay more broadly. The definition is extended to all forms of “educational delivery systems” where a site, building, equipment, or physical system is required.
Educational Operations5 All of the activities of the College
Educational (Master) Plan5 That part of the master plan that defines the learning outcomes the college seeks and the existing and projected curricular offerings intended to achieve those outcomes.
Educational Program4 Educational Program: The sequence of courses leading to a degree or certificate, such as the “liberal arts/transfer program” or the “nursing program,” or the sequence of courses or learning activities leading to intellectual mastery, such as the Basic Skills course sequence leading to college readiness, the lifelong learning course sequence that enhances career and job skill set, etc.
Educational Programs5 Sets of courses required to complete specified degrees and certificates
EEG7 Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs: electroneurodiagnostic technology
EEOC14 Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
EIR5 Environmental Impact Report
Emergency Plan/Disaster Plan3 A school’s written plan that provides clear directions for all staff and students in the case of an emergency, natural disaster, or violent event that threatens the safety of all. The plan is to be comprehensive and use accepted practices of disaster management to provide safety for students in times of emergency.
EMS Program6 Emergency Medical Services Paramedic Program
EMSP13 Emergency Medical Services Professional
EMT6 Emergency Medical Technician
EMT7 Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs: emergency medical technician-paramedic
EMT-P13 Emergency Medical Services Professional
END13 Electroneurodiagnostic Technology
ENG7 Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, Inc.: engineering
ENGR7 Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, Inc.: engineering-related
ENGT7 Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, Inc.: engineering technology
Enrollment5 The number of students who have registered to attend courses at a specific location during a specific term.
EOPS6/10 Extended Opportunity Programs and Services
EP6 Educational Plan
EP13 Exercise Physiology
ERP1 External Review Panel. A group of library and information studies educators and practitioners (usually six) appointed by the COA through the Office for Accreditation to visit a program and verify information in the Program Presentation. Panelists are also vetted by the program.
ES13 Exercise Science
Evidence4 Evidence: Evidence is every source of information that an institution uses to provide evidence of a particular action, e.g. policy and procedures documents, meeting minutes, program review documents, and planning documents. (See also data)
Exit Meeting3 At the end of every accreditation site visit, the Visiting Committee holds an exit meeting with school personnel to share the findings of the visit. The Visiting Committee shares the school-wide areas of strength and the school-wide key issues that need to be addressed in the coming years.
Expanded Substantive Change Visit3 When large public schools undergo a reorganization that results in several new schools forming on the same campus as the previous large public school, each newly formed school must have its own accreditation visit. WASC has developed a specific protocol for these new schools to build on the accreditation history of their former school and adapt its Action Plan to meet their own individual school needs.
Expected School-wide Learning Results (ESLRs) (sane as Schoolwide Learner Outcomes – SLOS)3 What each student should know, understand and be able to do upon exit (e.g., graduation) from the school, or by the time the student completes the planned program. These learning results are collaboratively developed and represent the focus of the entire school community. They are to be global in scope and each school should identify how these goals will be assessed to ensure that students are reaching SLOs.
EXSR7 Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs: exercise science
External Review: Periodic11 Institutions and programs continue to be reviewed over time. They normally prepare a self-study and undergo a site visit each time.
Facilities5 All of the capital assets of the college. 1. The facilities may be divided into their physical components: Site, Buildings, Equipment, Systems. 2. The facilities may be divided by function into: A. Facilities systems based on physical function; e.g., transportation, drainage B. Educational delivery systems; e.g., distance education.
Facilities Committee RCCD Board of Trustees6 Reviews and addresses issues and elements around facility development, renovations, physical planning and development.
Facilities Systems5 What used to be thought of as land, utilities, roads, buildings, and equipment is now thought of in terms of “facilities systems” where all physical components are educationally defined, interrelated, and interdependent.
FDC5 Field Change Directive
FFE5 Furniture, fixtures & equipment
Final Accrediting Action6w Final accrediting action means a final determination by an accrediting agency regarding the accreditation or preaccreditation status of an institution or program. A final accrediting action is not appealable within the agency.
Final Project Proposal5 (FPP) A detailed discussion of a capital outlay proposal. FPPs contain cost estimates, analysis of building spaces, drawings, discussion of alternatives, and explanations of the benefits of the project.
Findings3 (i.e., Self-Study Findings) The conclusions that are derived after careful review and consideration. Each school in the accreditation process reveals its self-study findings in its Self-Study Report. Each Visiting Committee reveals its peer review findings in its Visiting Committee Report.
Findings5 A number of findings can be made with respect to the final EIR: 1. Changes or alterations have been required or incorporated into the proposed project that avoid or substantially lessen the significant environmental effect as identified in the final EIR. 2. Such changes or alterations are within the responsibility and jurisdiction of another public agency and not the agency making the finding. 3. Specific economic, social, or other considerations make the mitigation measures or project alternatives identified in the final EIR not feasible. 4. Overriding considerations that the benefits of the approved project outweigh the unavoidable adverse environmental effects and that the adverse environmental effects may be considered “acceptable.”
Five Year Construction Plan (5-YCP)5 That part of the facility Masterplan that defines the capital improvements the college will need to have if it is to achieve the learning outcomes specified in its College Masterplan.
FLOs6 Faculty Learning Outcomes
Float6 (Extra time) on the schedule
FMP5 Facilities Master Plan
Focus Group3 Schools are expected to develop groups of school stakeholders who focus on one particular aspect of the accreditation self-study. Focus Groups are usually led by faculty members but include representation from the administration, parents, the board, and students. The WASC self-study process is divided into key areas, such as governance, curriculum, instruction, assessment, finance and facilities. Focus Groups are formed for each of these areas in order to provide meaningful input into the self-study process and into the Self-Study Report.
Focus on Learning3 Unique accreditation protocol developed by WASC that changed the focus of accreditation visits from a compliance model to a school improvement model. The entire accreditation process revolves around student learning levels, assessment of student learning, and the development of an Action Plan to guide the school in improving learning for students.
FOR7 Society of American Foresters: forestry
For-Profit Postsecondary Schools3 Institutions that are not in non-profit status with the government and operate for the purpose of profit as they offer educational programs. For-profit postsecondary schools are not eligible for accreditation by WASC.
FPP5 Final Project Proposal
FRAG6 Financial Resources Advisory Group
Freestanding2 Freestanding means not part of a larger college or university that is accredited by a regional accredited agency or another nationally recognized institutional accrediting agency. In general, a freestanding institution is a separate single-purpose institution that offers a specialized program of study in a particular field.
FTEF5 Full-Time Equivalent Faculty
FTES5 Full-Time Equivalent Student
Full Campus EIR5 Districts often do a full EIR for the campus Master Plan reducing the scope needed on individuial project EIRs or eliminating them altogether. The project may be treated as an addenda to the campus EIR.
Full Self-Study Site Visit3 Every six years, accredited schools are required to host a Visiting Committee of WASC-trained educators for a 3.5 day site visit. During this time, the Visiting Committee evaluates the school’s Self-Study Report, visits classrooms, meets with Focus Groups, meets with other stakeholder groups, and then writes its findings in a Visiting Committee Report.
FUSER7 American Board of Funeral Service Education: funeral service education
Future Site5 A parcel of land acquired for future development and subsequently approved by the Board of Governors as eligible to receive State capital outlay funds to develop into a college or educational center.
GC10 California Government Code
Governance Committee RCCD Board of Trustees6 Reviews and addresses issues of board policy and procedures, agreements that address the governing relationship of the board/district, and issues of legislative matters.
Governing Body3 Every school is required to have a governing body that oversees the integrity of the school’s mission, educational program, and finances. The governing body may be a board, church council, or other designated group depending on the type of school it oversees. The governing body has clear responsibilities in the WASC accreditation process.
Grading System: A, B, C, D, F, FW, I, IP, RD, P, NP, W, MW6 A = Excellent; B = Good; C = Satisfactory; D = Passing, less than satisfactory; F = Failing; FW = Failing due to cessation of participation in a course after the last day to officially withdraw from a course; I = Incomplete; IP = In progrerss; RD = Report Delayed; P = Pass; NP = No Pass; W = Formal withdrawal from the college or a course; MW = Military Withdrawal (student who is a member of an active or reserve U.S. military service receives orders to report to a military unit).
Gross Square Feet (GSF)5 The total area occupied by the footprint of the building. It includes not only the building spaces but also a portion of any overhangs that exist. (Refer to the Space Inventory Handbook for a more detailed disclussion of GSF.)
Group I – Fixed Equipment5 Group I, otherwise known as building fixtures and service systems, has the following characteristics: 1. It is securely attached to the facililty. 2. It functions as part of the building. 3. Removal of the equipment results in visible damage to the building or impairs the designed use of the facility. 4. The equipment is generally interpreted to be real property rather than personal property. 5. Once installed, the piece of equipment loses its identity as a separate unity.
Group II – Movable Equipment5 Group II is the designation given to equipment not identified as Group I – Fixed Equipment. Such equipment usually can be moved from one location to another without significantly changing the effective functioning of facilities at either location. If appropriate, existing equipment for an active program should be transferred into remodeled or expanded space before new equipment is considered. The need for new Group II Movable Equipment and its related cost request should be reduced as much as possible through the transfer of any existing equipment.
GSF5 Gross Squared Footage
Guidelines13 These are descriptions, examples, or recommendations that elaborate on the Standards. Guidelines are not required, but can assist with interpretation of the Standards. CoAs develop language for Guidelines as well as Standards. The CAAHEP Board approves and adopts Guidelines as well as Standards. The Standards and Guidelines document published by CAAHEP for each profession includes all the Standards and all the Guidelines.
HACU6 Hispanic Association of Colleges & Universities
Hands-On Work5 It is another term for on-the-job training, instructional method. Also known as “see-do” instruction.
HHPS Department6 Health, Human & Public Services Department
High Tech Delivery Systems5 This includes such instructional methods as broadcase instruction and distance learning and may include real time or delayed time presentation of the materials. The use of computer equipment and electronic mediums are common in such high tech delivery systems.
Home Group3 In large school settings, Home Groups are established to represent particular departments or programs, such as the English Department, History Department, or Fine Arts Department. Home Groups provide information and evaluative input to Focus Groups and the Leadership Team within the accreditation process to ensure that all programs have a voice in the self-study process.
High Touch Instruction5 It is used to designate the more traditional instructional method whereby an instructor is in close proximity to the students during the presentation of the information. High technology may be employed, but only as presentation aids.
HR6 Human Resources
HRAG6 Human Resources Advisory Group
HRSA13 Health Resources and Services Administration. HRSA has provided CAAHEP with a contract to address emergency preparedness in our standards and guidelines.
HSA7 Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Management Education: health services administration
HSS Department6 Humanities & Social Sciences Department
HT7 National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences: historic technology
Hybrid Agencies2 Hybrid agencies are recognized for the accreditation of both specialized programs at larger institutions and for the accreditation of freestanding institutions. This is a website-specific term, and is only used in the context of the U.S. Department of Education Database of Accredited Postsecondary Institutions and Programs.
Hybrid Program3 In regard to online instruction, a hybrid program refers to a combination of both online instruction and attendance in a traditional brick and mortar school with direct instruction by faculty members.
IACBE7 International Assembly for Collegiate Business Education: business
IAFC13 International Association of Fire Chiefs
IAFF13 International Association of Fire Fighters
IB6 International Baccalaureate Credit
IBLCE13 International Board of Lactation Consultant Examiners
IDS6 Instructional Department Specialist
IFSAC7 International Fire Service Accreditation Congress Degree Assembly: fire and emergency
IGETC6 Interssegmental General Education Transfer Curriculum
ILCA13 International Lactation Consultant Association
IMC6 Instructional Media Center
Inactive Status13 A program may request an inactive status at any time. While a program is inactive, they retain their accreditation but they may not have any students matriculating in the program. A program may remain in an inactive status for up to two years. At the end of two years the program must either re-activate or voluntarily withdraw from the CAAHEP system of accreditation. Programs that are in an initial status of accreditation may not request an inactive status.
Indicator3 Specific WASC criteria (standards) are enhanced by “indicators” that reveal how each criterion can be be seen, measured, evaluated, or studied. Indicators point to the main criterion and further describe how it can be understood and applied in each school setting.
Information Technology (IT)5 All electronic andn optic educational delivery systems, including multi-media, computer, telecommunications, networks, and broadcast.
Initial Accreditation1 Accreditation status granted to a library and information studies program being accredited for the first time.
Initial Accreditation13 This refers to the first time a program receives accreditation in the CAAHEP system of accreditation. It is granted only after a program has demonstrated substantial compliance with CAAHEP Standards. A program is only awarded initial accreditation once and each subsequent accreditation award is then referred to as “continuing.” Initial accreditation is time limited and is for a period of either three years or five years, depending upon the policy of the specific Committee on Accreditation (CoA) that is making the recommendation to the CAAHEP Board of Directors. At the end of the allotted time, the program may be recommended for continuing accreditation or probationary accreditation. If no such recommendation is forthcoming, the Initial Accreditation will automatically expire and the program will no longer be considered CAAHEP accredited. A program may request reconsideration of a CoA’s decision to allow Initial Accreditation to expire. However, the CoA’s decision is final and not appealable to the CAAHEP Board of Directors.
Initial AccreditationStatus3 A school that seeks WASC accreditation for the first time may be granted either “Candidacy” or “Initial” status based on to what extent they meet or exceed WASC accreditation criteria. When a school has met all WASC criteria at least at a basic level, it is awarded initial accreditation status. This has all the rights and privileges of full accreditation status.
Initial Project Proposal (IPP)5 It is a three page form that presents the general concept, space array and development cost of a project. It provides a summary overview of the projects characteristics enabling the Chancellor’s office to identify a priority category for funding.
Initial Visit3 After a school has applied to WASC for affiliation, an Initial Visit is scheduled whereby WASC-trained educators come for a day to evaluate the readiness of the school to pursue accreditation status. The Visiting Committee evaluates the school’s Initial Visit Report and observes the school in operation to ensure the report is accurate and that the school is ready to proceed in the accreditation process.
Initial Visit Report3 A Visiting Committee must report its finding after an Initial Visit to a school with a written document, the Initial Visit Report. This document includes a recommendation to the WASC Commission on whether or not the school can be granted Candidacy or Initial Accreditation Status.
Institution of Higher Education or Institution6w Institution of higher education or institution means an educational institution that qualifies, or may qualify, as an eligible institution under 34 CFR part 600.
Institutional Accreditation1 The evaluation and accreditation of an institution as a whole, usually by a regional accreditor. The ALA/COA does not accredit institutions.
Institutional Accreditation2 Institutional accreditation normally applies to an entire institution, indicating that each of an institution’s parts is contributing to the achievement of the institution’s objectives, although not necessarily all at the same level of quality.
Institutional Accrediting Agency6w Institutional accrediting agency means an agency that accredits institutions of higher education.
Institutional Planning Committee5 It represents each major college constituency; e.g., administration, faculty, student services, students, facilities, finance, and human resources. This committee is normally responsible for developing a statement of educational philosophy and college priorities to the satisfaction of all the constituencies. Moreover, educational planning is carried out in a working relationship with the Academic Senate, the curriculum committee, and/or a committee established specifically to address such issues, while the institutional planning committee focuses more upon the communal and regional issues and the implications of the educational planning for the overall development of the college.
Instructional Program3 All schools have an instructional program that includes course expectations, student learning outcomes, teaching strategies used, support materials needed and methods of assessment to measure student learning. This term is used to look at the overall program of learning established by the school.
Interactive Distance Education5 Distance education in which the technology employed provides an immediate opportunity for exchange between participanatas.
Interactive Distance Education6 Distance education in which the technology employed depending upon district growth patterns, but the ultimate status of the parcel cannot now be determined. Given its undetermined status, it is not eligible to receive State capital outlay funds for development.
Interim Reports1 The annual statistical and biennial narrative reports submitted by programs to COA. The committee reviews these reports at its spring meeting.
Internship Site2 A location used for the supervised practical training of advanced students or recent graduates in areas such as medicine, psychology, and dietetics.
Investment Parcel5 A parcel of land acquired for future development or disposal at a profit depending upon district growth patterns, but the ultimate status of the parcel cannot now be determined. Given the undetermined status, it is not eligible to receive State capital outlay funds for development.
Involuntary Withdrawal of Accreditation13 This occurs when a program is no longer in compliance with the accreditation Standards and all attempts to remedy the deficiencies have failed.
IOI6 Improvement of Instruction
IOR6 Inspector of Records
IPEDS12 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System
IPEDS ID2 A unique identification number for institutions that participate in the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System Survey.
IPP5 Initial Project Proposal
IPSY7 American Psychological Association: pre-doctoral internships in professional psychology
IS6 Information Systems
IT5 Information Technology
JOUR7 Accrediting Council on Education for Journalism and Mass Communications: journalism and mass communications
JPA6 Joint Powers Authority
JRCCVT13 Joint Review Committee on Education in Cardiovascular Technology
JRCDMS13 Joint Review Committee on Education in Diagnostic Medical Sonography
Judgment by Accrediting Organization11 Accrediting organizations have decision-making bodies (commissions) made up of administrators and faculty from institutions and programs as well as public members. These commissions may affirm accreditation for new institutions and programs, reaffirm accreditation for ongoing institutions and programs and deny accreditation to institutions and programs.
KIN7 Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs: kinesiotherapy
KT13 Kinesiotherapy
LAW7 American Bar Association: law
LC13 Lactation Consultant
LEAARC13 Lactation Education Accreditation and Approval Review Committee
Lead Agency (CEQA Application)5 Generally speaking, a lead agency is the public body responsible for getting the project constructed, normally the district administration. As a lead agency, the district is responsible for ensuring that provisions of the California Environmental Quality Act have been followed.
Leadership Team3 The Leadership Team of a school is organized as each school sees fit, but usually consists of administration, key academic leaders, facility managers, and board representation. The Leadership Team oversees the entire accreditation process and ensures that accreditation activities and actions are embedded into the daily life of the school.
Learning Communities5 Courses in different subjects, designed to be interdependent, and taught to a common group of students, by faculty working as a team.
Learning Data3 Any data that reveals student learning levels or learning results. Learning data may be gleaned from achievement tests, entrance tests, pre-tests/post-tests, student work, report card grades, progress report grades, national testing programs, such as PSAT, ACT, SAT, state administered tests, high school graduation tests, etc. The analysis of learning data is a chief characteristic of a mature, successful school and is used in all school-wide planning endeavors.
Learning Environments6 Combinations of curriculum and facilities to create specific learning experiences.
Lecture Hall5 A setting designed to deliver in person lectures and demonstrations to as many students as possible, with students in fixed locations, and traditionally without access to equipment or workstations. (New technology can allow each seat to be “wired,” permitting both electronic collaborative learning and facilitating two-way interaction with the instructor.)
Letter of Intent (LOI)5 A formal correspondence sent to the Chancellor’s Office and CPEC for review and approval, which notifies concerned parties that a district elects to purchase or develop a site with the assistance of State capital outlay funds.
LIB7 American Library Association: librarianship
Limited-Term Revisit3 When a school receives a 1- or 2-year term of accreditation, a Visiting Committee comes for a 1- or 2-day visit to evaluate progress on the areas of needed improvement.
LIS1 Library and information studies.
LOA6 Learning Outcome Assessment
LOI5 Letter of Intent
Long-Term Financial Plan (Also called Resource Plan, Strategic Plan)3 Many schools develop a long-range plan to ensure financial stability or plan for capital projects that may require extensive fundraising. Long-range strategic plans usually look at possible demographic changes, enrollment trends, financial trends, and school development activities.
LSAR7 American Society for Landscape Architects: landscape architecture
MAAB7 Accrediting Bureau of Health Education Schools: medical assisting
MAC7 Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs: medical assisting
MACTE7 Montessori Accreditation Council for Teacher Education: Montessori teacher education
MAERB13 Medical Assisting Education Review Board
MARB6 March Air Reserve Base
MCHS6 Middle College High School Program
MD6 Medical Director
MEAC7 Midwifery Education Accreditation Council: midwifery education
MED7 Liaison Committee on Medical Education: medicine
MA13 Medical Assistant
Memorandum of Understanding (MOU)3 A written document that outlines the specific details of a partnership with another agency or company in WASC-related activities. WASC currently has MOU agreements with 17 affiliate organizations.
MFCD7 American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy: marriage and family therapy
MI13 Medical Illustrator
Midterm Visit3 When a school receives a Six-Year Term with a One-Day Midterm Review (6R), the school will host a team of two WASC representatives (usually the chairperson and a team member from the previous WASC Visiting Committee) for a one-day site visit. The Visiting Committee does not do a complete school evaluation but simply reviews progress made on the key issues identified by the WASC Visiting Committee during its most recent visit.
MIDWF7 American College of Nurse-Midwives: nurse midwifery
MIL7 Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs: medical illustrator
Mission Statement3 The official statement of the aims and objectives of the school. The mission statement reflects the beliefs, values, and overall purpose for existence of the school.
MLTAB7 Accrediting Bureau of Health Education Schools: medical laboratory technician
MLTAD7 National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences: medical laboratory technician (Associate Degree)
MLTC7 National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences: medical laboratory technician (Certificate)
MOOCS12 Mass Open Online Courses
MPN6 Medical Provider Network
MSK Department6 Math, Science & Kinesiology Department
MUS7 National Association of Schools of Music: music
MVAC6 Moreno Valley Assessment Committee
MVC6 Moreno Valley College
MVSPC6 Moreno Valley Strategic Planning Committee
MVUSD6 Moreno Valley Unified School District
NACIQI12 National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity
NAEMSE13 National Association of Emergency Medical Services Educators
NAEMSP13 National Association of EMS Physicians
NAEMT13 National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians
NAIT7 Association of Technology Management, and Applied Engineering: industrial technology
NASD National Association of Schools of Dance: Accrediting agency for dance programs
NASEMSO13 National Association of State Emergency Medical Services Officials
NASM13 National Academy of Sports Medicine
Nationally Recognized Accrediting Agencies2 National accrediting agencies are recognized by the U.S. Secretary of Education as reliable authorities concerning the quality of education or training offered by the institutions of higher education they accredit. These agencies accredit single-purpose institutions.
Nationally Recognized Accrediting Agency6w Nationally recognized accrediting agency, nationally recognized agency, or recognized agency means an accrediting agency that the Secretary recognizes under this part.
NATUR7 Council on Naturopathic Medical Education: naturopathic medical education
NCOPE13 National Commission on Orthotic and Prosthetic Education
NEA6 National Education Association
NEDA5 National Environmental Quality Act
New Starts [Proposals]5 New Starts are proposals that seek State capital outlay funding to commence preliminary plans and working drawings or proposals that seek constructon funds when preliminary plans and working drawings are funded locally. The sponsorship of each new start constitutes the first time the Chancellor’s Office has supported the project into the State budget cycle.
NMT7 Joint Review Committee on Educational Programs in Nuclear Medicine Technology: nuclear medicine technology
NN213 National Network of Health Career Programs in Two Year Colleges -- NN2. It represents two year institutions on the CAAHEP Board of Directors.
NOC5 Notice of Completion
NOC6 Network Operations Center (MVC building project)
No Longer Recognized2 The process of seeking and renewing recognition from the Department is a demanding one for accrediting agencies, and not always essential to their mission. On occasion, agencies request to withdraw from recognition. On other occasions, the Department withdraws its recognition, upon a determination that an agency no longer meets recognition criteria. Because recognition decisions, in the first instance, concern accrediting agencies rather than accredited institutions and programs, a cessation of recognition should not simply be presumed to reflect negatively on the quality of the institutions or programs accredited by that agency. For this reason, the Department is authorized to permit institutions participating in the federal student aid programs that are accredited by an agency that is no longer recognized up to 18 months of continued participation to obtain alternative accreditation from a different, recognized agency. For the same reason, the Department will continue to include on this list for 18 months institutions and programs accredited by agencies that are no longer recognized, but will indicate that the accrediting agency no longer has recognized status by inserting (No Longer Recognized) by the name of the agency each time it appears in the listing.
Notice of Completion (NOC)5 NOCs are formal notices drafted by districts and approved by either the State Clearing House or designated county and signify full compliance with the California Environmental Quality Act.
Notice to Proceed5 Establishes the date of the start of construction and gives the contractor permission to commence work.
NREMT13 National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians
NRPA7 National Recreation and Park Association: recreation, park resources, and leisure studies
NSAA13 National Surgical Assistant Association
NUR7 National League for Nursing: nursing
NURSE7 Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education: nursing
NY7 New York State Board of Regents
O & M5 Operations and Maintenance
O & P13 Orthotics and Prosthetics
O & PT13 Orthotic and Prosthetic Technical
Off-Site Instruction5 Courses and learning experiences designed and supervised by a college that occur in a work or service setting or at a location specific to the course content; e.g., an outdoor location, another city or country.
On-Site Visit1 The part of the comprehensive review in which members of the External Review Panel travel to the program’s location to validate the information contained in the Program Presentation. Also known as visit or site visit.
OPD7 Commission on Opticianry Accreditation: ophthalmic dispensing
OPE7 Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs: orthotics and prosthetics
OPE ID2 Identification number used by the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Postsecondary Education (OPE) to identify schools that have Program Participation Agreements (PPA) so that its students are eligible to participate in Federal Student Financial Assistance programs under Title IV regulations. This is a 6-digits number followed by a 2-digit suffix used to identify branches, additional locations, and other entities that are part of the eligible institution.
Open Specifications5 They are used to allow for competitive bid. Materials or systems referred to by trade name have two or more trade or brand names listed followed by the words “or equal.”
Operations and Maintenance (O&M)5 Operations, maintenance, equipment upgrades and replacement, and minor remodeling because of change of occupant or program were defined as “operations and maintenance,” funded under the State operations budget.
OPLT7 Commission on Opticianry Accreditation: ophthalmic laboratory technician
OPT7 American Optometric Association: optometry
OPTR7 American Optometric Association: optometric residency programs
OPTT7 American Optometric Association: optometric technician
Organizational Infrastructure3 The underlying processes, policies, and procedures that guide the daily operations of a school, including written guidelines and appropriate staffing to accomplish daily activities. Although it is important to have visionary goals in place, it is even more important to have the necessary staffing and structure in place to manage the day-to-day implementation of policies.
OSTEO7 American Osteopathic Association, Office of Osteopathic Education: osteopathic medicine
OT7 American Occupational Therapy Association: occupational therapy
OTA7 American Occupational Therapy Association: occupational therapy assistant
Outlying Areas2 Includes American Samoa, the Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, the Marshall Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.
Outreach Operation5&6 An off-campus enterprise administered by an existing college or district and offering courses in leased or owned facilities which have not been formally approved by the Board of Governors. It is often located in other government facilities, usually enrolls less than 500 FTES (approximately 1,000 headcount) and may not be considered as having the potential to grow, over a period of time, into a college, campus or educational center. Outreach operations are combined with a college for accreditation and reporting purposes.
PA7 National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences: Pathologists’ assistant
PA Program6 Physician Assistant Program
Participation Goals6 Goals for minority, women, and disabled veterans business enterprises (M/W/DVBE) on all contracts awarded by a district based upon the State-wide levels. Participation goals are set at fifteen percent (15%) for minority business enterprises, ten percent (10%) for women business enterprises, and three percent (3%) for disabled veterans business enterprises. This statutory requirement is implemented by regulations promulgated in California Code of Regulations, Title 5, Section 59500-59509. Neither the statute nor the regulations impose an absolute requirement that contracts awarded by a district meet the M/W/DVBE participation goals. The statute, regulations and applicable law prohibit the application of strict numerical set asides unless there has been a prior factual finding of discriminatory practices. Accordingly, the failure of a bidder to have met the participation goals will not by itself render the bidder non-responsive so long as there is a show of good faith efforts by the bidder to meet the participation goals.
PAST7 Association for Clinical Pastoral Education, Inc.: clinical pastoral education
Payback5 The most obvious example of cost efficient projects is energy conservation projects. Improving lighting, fans, and controls, or refitting the central plant for thermal storage or cogeneration can reduce utility costs to produce a “payback” of the project cost in a few years. For every year of operation after the payback of the up-front construction costs, there is a clear reduction in annual operating cost.
Payment Bond5 A bond with sufficient sureties for the payment in full of the claims of all concerned parties. The bond takes effect to the benefit of all claimants so as to give them rights of action to recover upon this bond any suit brought to foreclose the liens provided for in law.
PC10 California Penal Code
PCC10 California Public Contracts Code
PDPSY7 American Psychological Association: post-doctorate residency in professional psychology
PE13 Perfusion
Peer Review11 Accreditation review is conducted primarily by faculty and administrative peers in the profession. These colleagues review the self-study and serve on visiting teams that review institutions and programs after the self-study is completed. Peers constitute the majority of members of the accrediting commissions or boards that make judgments about accrediting status.
PERF7 Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs: perfusionist
PERF-ED13 Perfusion Program Directors’ Council
Performance Setting5 A laboratory, studio, hall, shop, athletic facility, or other setting, usually with specialized equipment, designed for the performance of activities that can specifically require such a setting.
PERS10 Public Employees’ Retirement System
PFT13 Personal Fitness Trainer
PG6 Professional Growth
PH7 Council on Education for Public Health: public health
PHAR7 American Council for Pharmaceutical Education: pharmacy
PLA5 Project Labor Agreement
Plan for the Program Presentation1 Document submitted by the program to the Office for Accreditation one year before the site visit to ensure that the preparation for the review is done in a timely and effective manner.
Planning & Operations Committee RCCD Board of Trustees6 Reviews and addresses strategic and operational planning for the district, including but not limited to campus/college mission statements and strategic plans, organizational changes impacting the planning process or district-wide effectiveness, and reports of strategic effectiveness measures.
PLNG7 American Institute of Certified Planners/Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning: certified planning
PLO6 Program Learning Outcomes
PNUR7 National League for Nursing: practical nursing
POD7 American Podiatric Medical Association: podiatry
Policies and Procedures3 Policies: Definite written course of action adopted for the sake of expediency and accountability. Approved statements that reflect core beliefs and practices. Procedures: The specific acts or activities that enable policies to be implemented on a day-to-day basis; actions required to implement policies or to bring a class, course, or program to successful completion of goals. Policies are usually viewed as the official, legal language of law, while procedures are the administrative tasks needed to accomplish policies but that do not carry the same legal weight.
Policy Handbook3 WASC has a Policy Handbook that contains all the official, legal standards of operation.
POLYT6 Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs: polysomnographic technologist
Portfolio3 A collection of representative student work. Portfolios may be created by grade level or by a broader timeframe of elementary school, middle school, high school, etc.
Post-Occupancy Evaluation5 This is normally done by the architect, the project or construction manager, and operations and maintenance staff. This review tends to be ignored, yet it can be extremely important. The primary purpose of this evaluation is to discover possible problems before the warranties have expired.
Postsecondary Education2 The provision of a formal instructional program whose curriculum is designed primarily for students who are beyond the compulsory age for high school. This includes programs whose purpose is academic, vocational, and continuing professional education, and excludes avocational and adult basic education programs.
Postsecondary Education Institution2 An institution which has as its sole purpose or one of its primary missions, the provision of postsecondary education.
Postsecondary Institutions3 Postsecondary schools are those that offer courses or programs for post-high school work, yet without offering a degree. Examples of postsecondary schools include: · Adults Schools: Offers credit recover classes, enrichment classes, or vocational training classes, resulting in credits earned or a certificate of completion. · ROPCs: Regional Occupational Program/Center provides high school students with classes that specifically prepare them for a vocational career. · Technical Institutes: Schools that offer specific training in a technical field of student that result in a certificate or license. · Prison Schools: The California prison system has established schools that offer inmates the opportunity to earn a high school diploma or post-high school credits.
PPIC9 Public Policy Institute of California
PRAG6 Physical Resources Advisory Group
Pre-Accreditation2&6w The status of public recognition that an accrediting agency grants to an institution or program for a limited period of time that signifies the agency has determined that the institution or program is progressing towards accreditation and is likely to gain accreditation before the expiration of that limited period of time.
Pre-candidacy Status1 Status granted by COA indicating the program’s and institution’s commitment to achieving ALA accreditation.
Pre-Visit3 WASC appoints a chairperson of each Visiting Committee 6 to 9 months ahead of full self-study visits. It is the responsibility of the chairperson to conduct a pre-visit to the school being accredited, usually six months before the visit. During this visit, the chairperson reviews WASC criteria, procedures, the schedule for the visit, and reviews early drafts of the Self-Study Report to give advice and counsel. The pre-visit also is a chance to confirm that the school is ready for the site visit.
Pre-Writing Assignments3 WASC appoints a chairperson of every Visiting Committee in advance of site visits. It is the chairperson’s responsibility to include the writing of all Committee members in the Visiting Committee Report. Once the school’s Self-Study Report is in hand, each Visiting Committee member is responsible to pre-write a section of the Visiting Committee Report so that the chairperson can put together a rough draft of the entire document to bring to the visit. The chairperson writes Chapters I, II, III, and V. The team members write the different sections of Chapter IV either Section A, B, C, D, or E.
Preliminary Notice5 Notice of non-payment
Private Investigation2 An educational institution controlled by a private individual(s) or by a nongovernmental agency, usually supported primarily by other than public funds, and operated by other than publicly elected or appointed officials. These institutions may be either for-profit or not-for-profit.
Probation13 This is a temporary status of accreditation for programs that are not currently in substantial compliance with the accreditation Standards but are expected to be able to meet them within a specified time.
Professional Development3 Teachers should be given the opportunity to improve their teaching knowledge and skills through workshops, seminars, conventions, classes, programs, or new materials. Providing for regular and funded professional development activities for all teachers is a mark of mature, successful schools.
Professions13 There are currently 20 health Professions whose education programs are eligible for CAAHEP accreditation. There is a Committee on Accreditation that specializes in each profession.
Program1 Program of study leading to an ALA-accredited LIS master’s degree. ALA/COA accredits programs, not schools.
Program2&3w A postsecondary educational program offered by an institution of higher education that leads to an academic or professional degree, certificate, or other recognized educational credential.
Program Participation2 (PPA) A written agreement between a postsecondary institution and the Secretary of Education. This agreement allows institutions to participate in any of the Title IV student assistance programs other than the State Student Incentive Grant (SSIG) and the National Early Intervention Scholarship and Partnership (NEISP) programs. The PPA conditions the initial and continued participation of an eligible institution in any Title IV program upon compliance with the General Provisions regulations, the individual program regulations, and any additional conditions specified in the program participation agreement that the Department of Education requires the institution to meet. Institutions with such an agreement are referred to as Title IV institutions.
Program Presentation1 Document prepared by the program as part of the comprehensive review process. This document describes the program, how it meets the ALA Standards for Accreditation, analyzes its strengths, weaknesses, and challenges, and sets forth the program’s plans and goals for future development and continued compliance with the Standards.
Programmatic Accrediting Agencies2&6w Agencies that accredit specific educational programs that prepare students for entry into a profession, occupation, or vocation. These agencies are also known as specialized accreditors.
Programmatic Accreditor13 CAAHEP is a Programmatic Accreditor. This means that CAAHEP reviews programs not institutions. Each program that wishes to achieve CAAHEP accreditation must apply for an receive accreditation separately.
Progress Report3 Depending on the term of accreditation, schools may be required to submit a progress report to the WASC office. A progress report consists of a review of how the school has responded to the major key issues left by the most recent WASC Visiting Committee. A progress report includes a description of each key issue and what specific actions, events, or activities have occurred to respond to the key issue.
Project Management5 The manaagement of a capital project from planning through construction.
Project Summary5 A standard state form used to transmit any capital outlaya budget change proposal.
Proprietary Institutions13 These are “for profit” corporations that offer educational programs. These corporations frequently have campuses across the country. As with all of CAAHEP’s accreditations, each program at each institution campus must apply for and receive its own accreditation status.
Protocol3 Another term for the accreditation manuals and processes that include the regulations, formal responses, precedence, and etiquette within the accreditation process.
PSC6 Parkside Complex
PSET/BCTC6 Public Safety Education & Training/Ben Clark Training Center
PSG13 Polysomnography
PSPSY7 American Psychological Association: combined professional-scientific psychology
PTA7 American Physical Therapy Association: physical therapy
PTAA7 American Physical Therapy Association: physical therapy assistant
Public Institutions2 An educational institution whose programs and activities are operated by publicly elected or appointed school officials and which is supported primarily by public funds.
Public Member1 Two members of the COA who are appointed from the public at large to represent the public interest.
PUHSD6 Perris Union High School District
Punch List5 The contractor owns the job until it is fully complete, or the owner has designated it substantially complete for purposes of occupancy and listed any remaining items to be completed or resolved. These items are called a “punch list” and, in essence, become the uncompleted contract. The district representative, project manager, construction manager, architect and inspector should all agree on the list. Final commissioning and occupancy of the building must be coordinated to allow the contractor to continue work and complete the punch list.
Purpose3 A clarification of the beliefs, vision, and mission held by members of the school community about what the school can do for students with respect to knowledge, skills, and understandings through the school program.
RABN7 Association of Advanced Rabbinical and Talmudic Schools: Rabbinical and Talmudic education
RAD7 Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology: radiography
RADDOS7 Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology: medical dosimetry
RADMAG7 Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology: magnetic resonance
Recognition6w Recognition means an unappealed determination by the senior Department official under 602.36, or a determination by the Secretary on appeal under 602.37, that an accrediting agency complies with the criteria for recognition listed in subpart B of this part and that the agency is effective in its application of those criteria. A grant of recognition to an agency as a reliable authority regarding the quality of education or training offered by institutions or programs it accredits remains in effect for the term granted except upon a determination made in accordance with subpart C of this part that the agency no longer complies with the subpart B criteria or that it has become ineffective in its application of those criteria.
Recognized Deficits5 These are cost increases above the original estimate necessitating that additional funding be provided prior to bidding to build a project as designed. Recognized deficits should be discussed with the Chancellor’s Office prior to the request for approval to proceed to bid.
Reconsideration13 A Committee On Accreditation’s second consideration of a status of public recognition recommendation, based on the conditions that existed when the Committee on Accreditation formulated its original recommendation and on subsequent documented evidence of corrected deficiencies at the time of the second consideration. Reconsideration must be offered when a CoA is planning on forwarding a recommendation of probation, withhold, and/or withdraw accreditation. A request for reconsideration does not guarantee or imply that the CoA will ultimately change their recommendation to CAAHEP. Programs that are in an initial status of accreditation may also request reconsideration if they are notified by the CoA that their status is going to be allowed to expire.
Record Drawings5 These are the working drawings approved by and on file at the Division of the State Architect.
Regional Accrediting Agencies2 Regional accrediting agencies are recognized by the U.S. Secretary of Education as reliable authorities concerning the quality of education or training offered by the institutions of higher education they accredit. The individual agencies accredit institutions in specific geographic regions of the country.
Regional Accrediting Commissions3 The United States has six regional accrediting Commissions: New England, Middle States, Southeast, North Central, Northwest, and Western (WASC)
Regional Accreditor1 An agency that accredits institutions of higher education in a specific region of the country.
Representative6w Representative of the public means a person who is not-- (1) An employee, member of the governing board, owner, or shareholder of, or consultant to, an institution or program that either is accredited or preaccredited by the agency or has applied for accreditation or preaccreditation; (2) A member of any trade association or membership organization related to, affiliated with, or associated with the agency; or (3) A spouse, parent, child, or sibling of an individual identified in paragraph (i) or (ii) of this definition.
Request for Approval5 This is an agenda item reviewed by the Board of Governors and CPEC and, if approved, authorizes a specific site as eligible to receive State capital outlay funds. State regulations stipulate the contents of a Request for Approval.
Required WASC Training3 To be accredited by WASC, there are required training expectations. Schools are required to send representatives (usually the administrator, self-study coordinator, top academic leader) to three training sessions before a full site visit that occurs every six years. One session is given 18 months before the visit, another 12 months before the visit, and the last one 6 months before the visit. In addition, all individuals who serve on Visiting Committees are required to attend a one-day training session prior to the site visit.
RP Group12 Research and Planning Group
Residency Site2 A location used for the specialized clinical training of physicians.
Resigned2 Denotes an institution or program that voluntarily withdrew its recognition as an accredited institution or program.
Resources Committee RCCD Board of Trustees6 Reviews and addresses issues of personnel and financial resources, including but not limited to budget, issues of bargaining units, audits and Measure C.
Responsible Agency5 The agency that reviews and, as needed, comments upon the Environmental Impact Report or Negative Declaration prepared by the lead agency.
Responsible Party10 Director, Contracts, Compliance and Legal Services
Retroactive Period of Initial Accreditation1 Period of time that applies to students who graduated from a program before COA granted initial accreditation to the program. Students who graduated from an initially accredited program in the academic year preceding the academic year in which accreditation was granted are considered to have graduated from an ALA-accredited program.
RSP6 Renaissance Scholars Program
RT13 Recreational Therapist
RTT7 Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology: radiation therapist/technologist
SA13 Surgical Assistant
SAS6 Student Academic Services Building
Satellite Program13 A Satellite Program is off-campus location(s) that are advertised or otherwise made known to individuals outside the sponsor. The off-campus location(s) must offer all of the professional didactic and laboratory content of the program. A satellite does not pertain to the sites used by completing on-line/distance education program for individual students. Satellite(s) are included in the CAAHEP accreditation of the sponsor and function under the direction of the Key Personnel of the program. Committees on Accreditation may establish additional requirements that are consistent with CAAHEP Standards and policies.
SBBT13 Blood Banking
SCAHQ13 Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists
Schedule of Evaluation Reviews1 The calendar of scheduled comprehensive reviews maintained by the Office for Accreditation assuring the profession that the COA regularly reviews LIS programs.
Schedule of Values5 A prorated calculation of construction costs.
School1 An administrative unit (school, college, or department) in an institution of higher education offering one or more programs that lead to an ALA-accredited LIS master’s degree. ALA/COA does not accredit schools.
School Community3 The school community includes (1) local business and industry, educational institutions, agencies, and service organizations; (2) parents, students, school board; and (3) all employees.
School Strength3 In the self-study process, the school is expected to carefully evaluate and analyze its own strengths and key issues that need to be addressed. At the end of each section of the Self-Study Report, there is the opportunity to identify strengths for that specific section. At the end of the document, all strengths are gathered into one list which results in an overall view of school-wide strengths.
School-wide Action Plan3 The self-study process is ineffective without a strong Action Plan to address key issues identified in the Self-Study Report. The Action Plan is a written document created by the school that identifies how key issues will be addressed within the improvement process of the school. The Action Plan identifies the major key issue to address, who is responsible, what resources are needed, how progress will be assessed, and how success will be reported to all stakeholders. Each key issue is supported by specific action steps needed to accomplish a successful response in order to fix or improve the key issue identified.
School-wide Learner Outcomes (SLOs)3 (Expected School-wide Learning Results or ESLRs) These are different from course student learning outcomes. School-wide Learner Outcomes (SLOs) are broad, global statements of what students are expected to be and expected to do upon graduation from the school. Common SLOs include students as global citizens, critical thinkers, independent learners, collaborative leaders, students with character and integrity, etc. School SLOs reflect the school’s mission, values, and core beliefs, as well as high expectations for academic learning and personal growth in character.
Scope of Recognition or Scope6w Scope of recognition or scope means the range of accrediting activities for which the Secretary recognizes an agency. The Secretary may place a limitation on the scope of an agency's recognition for Title IV, HEA purposes. The Secretary's designation of scope defines the recognition granted according to-- (1) Geographic area of accrediting activities; (2) Types of degrees and certificates covered; (3) Types of institutions and programs covered; (4) Types of preaccreditation status covered, if any; and (5) Coverage of accrediting activities related to distance education or correspondence education, if any.
SCPSY7 American Psychological Association: school psychology
SD5 Schematic Drawings
SDMS13 Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonography
Secondary Effects5 These are the alternations, renovations, or remodeling to newly vacated spaces necessitated by the completion of previously-funded projects. The essence of a secondary effects project is to modify vacated spaces so that they may be used for other purposes.
Secretary6w Secretary means the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Education or any official or employee of the Department acting for the Secretary under a delegation of authority
Self-Study11 Institutions and programs prepare a written summary of performance, based on accrediting organizations’ standards.
Self-Study Coordinator (SC)3 The facilitator/leader of the school’s accreditation process in collaboration with the school’s Leadership Team.
Self-Study Process3 The WASC self-study process is built on three components: 1. Self-Evaluation – resulting in a written Self-Study Report. 2. Peer Review – resulting in a site visit by WASC educators who produce a written Visiting Committee Report. 3. Ongoing School Improvement – resulting in the creation of a school Action Plan that is implemented and monitored on a continual basis.
Self-Study Report3 The WASC accreditation process starts with each school conducting a comprehen- sive self-evaluation, reflecting on what they do well and what areas need improve- ment. As a result of this process, each school writes a Self-Student Report that outlines the school’s findings and charts a course for future school improvement.
Senior Department Official6w Senior Department official means the senior official in the U.S. Department of Education who reports directly to the Secretary regarding accrediting agency recognition.
SICP13 Society of Invasive Cardiovascular Professionals
Significant Effect5 A substantial, or potentially substantial, adverse change in any of the physical conditions within the areas affected by the project, including land, air, water, minerals, flora, fauna, ambient noise, and objects of historic or aesthetic significance. An economic or social change by itself shall not be considered a significant effect on the environment. However, social or economic change related to a physical change may be considered in determining whether the physical change is significant.
Site Visit11 Accrediting organizations normally send a visiting team to review an institution or program. The self-study provides the foundation for the team visit. Teams, in addition to the peers [as described in the “peer review definition”] may also include public members (non-academics who have an interest in higher education). All team members are volunteers and are generally not compensated.
Six-year Cycle3 Most WASC-accredited schools are on a six-year cycle and host a full self-study site visit once every six years. There are specific duties and responsibilities for schools each year, including updating the school profile, monitoring the school Action Plan, and responding to all school-wide key issues identified by the most recent WASC Visiting Committee.
SLC6 Sabbatical Leave Committee
SLOs6 Student Learning Outcomes
SP7 American Speech-Language-Hearing Association: speech-language pathology
SPAA7 National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration: public affairs and administration
SPC6 Strategic Planning Council
SPEC6 Strategic Planning Executive Council
Special Needs3 Students who need additional physical and/or mental support services to accomplish the expected school-wide learning results (school-wide learner outcomes) at their maximum potential.
Special Report1 Report submitted by a program to the COA to address issues or areas of concern as outlined in the Decision Document or in the COA’s response to a statistical report or biennial narrative report.
Special Visit3 From time-to-time the need arises for WASC to make a visit to a school for a specific purpose. Special visits are conducted when a term has been appealed, when a major change has occurred at the school, when a difficulty arises that threatens the future of the school, or when the school requests special assistance in meeting or understanding WASC criteria.
Specialized Acceditor1 Agency that accredits post-secondary professional and occupational education programs or schools. ALA/COA is a specialized accreditor.
Specialized Accreditation2 Specialized accreditation normally applies to the evaluation of programs, departments, or schools which usually are parts of a total collegiate or other postsecondary institution. The unit accredited may be as large as a college or school within a university or as small as a curriculum within a discipline. Most of the specialized accrediting agencies review units within a postsecondary institution which is accredited by one of the regional accrediting commissions. However, certain of the specialized accrediting agencies accredit professional schools and other specialized or vocational or other postsecondary institutions which are free-standing in their operations. Thus, a "specialized" or "programmatic" accrediting agency may also function in the capacity of an "institutional" accrediting agency. In addition, a number of specialized accrediting agencies accredit educational programs within non-educational settings, such as hospitals.
Sponsoring Organizations13 These are associations of professionals that, among their many activities, sponsor CAAHEP and CoAs. Some associations sponsor more than one CoA.
ST13 Surgical Technology
Stakeholder3 Any person or group that has a connection to the school, including administrators, board members, teachers, support staff members, students, parents, and community leaders. Anyone who has a concern and wishes to support school success has a stake in the school’s future and therefore is a stakeholder.
Standard13 This is a requirement that educational programs must meet to be accredited.
Standards1 Standards for Accreditation of Master’s Programs in Library and Information Studies. This document identifies the essential features of accredited library and information studies programs.
Standards (Criteria)3 A rule of judgment; a principle for evaluating or testing something. WASC has specific criteria (standards) that lay out the requirements for accreditation.
State Clearinghouse5 Part of the Office of Planning and Research responsible as both the central depository of Environmental Impact Reports and for distributing environment documents to state agencies, departments, boards and commissions for review and comment. Responsibilities of the office, in selective cases, may be delegated to county offices.
Strategic Planning3 Formalized, systematic process that anticipates future needs and plans for future goals and outcomes. It may include administrative planning, financial planning, academic planning, etc.
State6w State means a State of the Union, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, Guam, the United States Virgin Islands, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Republic of Palau. The latter three are also known as the Freely Associated States.
State Accrediting Agencies2 There are two types of state agencies: those recognized for the approval of postsecondary vocational education, and those recognized for the approval of nurse education.
Statistical Report1 Required statistical information submitted annually to COA. COA reviews data about faculty, students, curriculum, and income and expenditure. The data is collected in cooperation with ALISE. ALISE members compile and analyze the data in the annual publication ALISE Statistical Report and Database.
STEM Grant6 Science, Technology, Mathematics, and Engineering Grant
Stop Notice5 To require the district to hold a specified amount from the contractor’s payment. The district should hold enough of the retention to cover any stop notices.
STRS10 State Teachers’ Retirement System
STS13 Society of Thoracic Surgeons
Student Learning Outcomes4 Student Learning Outcomes: Knowledge, skills, abilities, and attitudes that a student has attained at the end (or as a result) of his or her engagement in a particular set of collegiate experiences.
Student Services3 Schools are expected to provide support services for students, including health care, academic counseling, personal counseling, technology support, and disaster planning that result in a safe campus with a positive learning environment.
Student Support Program4 Student Support Program: Non-instructional services, such as advising, counseling, learning resources, financial aid, tutoring, mentoring, etc., that facilitate student success and provide strategies for students to overcome the varied factors in life that may disrupt their education and reduce their success.
Subject Area3 A specific body of information or knowledge; a discipline.
Substantive Change Visit3 WASC-accredited schools are required to report major changes to its operations. When a school changes its name, location, mission, governance, constituency, academic program, or type of credits given, a visit by WASC representatives is needed. The Visiting Committee evaluates how the major change has impacted the school as a whole and affirms that accreditation status should be maintained.
Support Programs5 Basic skills and other transitional instruction, learning resources, student services, and categorical programs and services designed to attract students and to enable them to successfully complete courses and educational programs.
Supplementary Educational Program (SEP)3 Companies or individuals at times offer supporting programs in the field of education, either with tutoring services, language acquisition, credit recovery, or specialized training. These are not full-time schools with complete academic programs, but supplementary educational programs. Some are part of national franchises while others are individually owned and operated. A separate accreditation protocol is available for SEPs to earn accreditation status.
SURGA7 Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs: surgeon’s assistant
SURGT7 Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs: surgical technology
SURTEC7 Accrediting Bureau of Health Education Schools: surgical technologist
SVUNET13 Society for Vascular Ultrasound
SW7 Council on Social Work Education: social work
SWOT6 Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats
Synthesis Process3 At the end of the self-study process, it is important that schools gather all the “strengths” and “key issues” identified in the Self-Study and subject them to the synthesis process. This process carefully combines and blends all strengths into a smaller number of major school-wide strengths and then combines and blends all key issues into a smaller number of major school-wide key issues to be addressed. This process is described in detail in the accreditation manuals.
TEAC7 Teacher Education Accreditation Council: teacher education
Teach-Out Agreement6w Teach-out agreement means a written agreement between institutions that provides for the equitable treatment of students and a reasonable opportunity for students to complete their program of study if an institution, or an institutional location that provides one hundred percent of at least one program offered, ceases to operate before all enrolled students have completed their program of study.
Teach-Out Plan6w Teach-out plan means a written plan developed by an institution that provides for the equitable treatment of students if an institution, or an institutional location that provides one hundred percent of at least one program, ceases to operate before all students have completed their program of study, and may include, if required by the institution's accrediting agency, a teach-out agreement between institutions. (Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1099b)
Teaching & Learning Committee RCCD Board of Trustees6 Addresses academic program issues and elements, and issues that affect student services
TED7 National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education: teacher education
Telecommunications5 All communications via telephone wire and non-wire networks.
Templates3 WASC provides electronic templates on its website ( These templates serve as a starting point for schools and Visiting Committees to create the necessary documentation for the accreditation process. WASC also is using Google Docs templates as well and these templates are linked into the WASC website.
Term of Accreditation3 The WASC Commission grants terms of 6 years, 6 years with a midterm review, 3 years, 2 years, or 1 year to schools based on the findings of their Self-Study Report and the recommendation of the Visiting Committee. Terms signify when the next visits by a Visiting Committee will take place. Most schools are on a six-year cycle with one full self-study visit once every six years. Other supporting visits may take place according to the term, either at year 1, 2, or 3.
Terminated2 The status of an institution or program that an agency no longer accredits.
T/F6 Program Review Task Force
THEA7 National Association of Schools of Theatre: theatre
THEOL7 Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada: theology
Title IV Institution2 An institution that has a written agreement with the Secretary of Education that allows the institution to participate in any of the Title IV federal student financial assistance programs (other than the State Student Incentive Grant (SSIG) and the National Early Intervention Scholarship and Partnership (NEISP) programs).
Title IV Program3 The Title IV Program is a government aid program that provides funds to eligible schools that meet government standards and requirements. Schools must be accredited to be eligible to apply for Title IV funds. They are separate events entirely: (1) Be accredited by a recognized agency; (2) Apply to the U.S. Department of Education for Title IV funds. WASC used to serve as a pathway to be eligible for Title IV funds but after October 2010 no longer does so.
Title 510 California Administrative Code Title 5 Regulations. These are adopted by the Governing Board of the California Community Colleges.

Total Cost of Ownership4
Total Cost of Ownership: In addition to the initial cost of a purchase, all long-term and indirect costs resulting from that purchase.
TRACS7 Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools: Christian studies education
TRAG6 Technology Resources Advisory Group
Transfer of Sponsorship13 This is requested by an institution/school/college when they intend to turn over management and administrative responsibility for an accredited program to a different entity. The new sponsoring institution is fully responsible for assuring that the program continues to comply with the CAAHEP Standards and Guidelines.
UBMS6 Upward Bound Math/Science Program
UC6 Universisty of California
University of California System (UC System)3 The University of California system oversees the expectations of specific California colleges and universities for entrance. They have a published “a-g” list of approved courses that high schools can offer so that students can easily have their credits accepted as they apply for UC enrollment.
USC10 United States Code
USDE11 United States Department of Education
USDE13 United States Department of Education. CAAHEP is no longer recognized by USDE but is instead recognized by CHEA. CAAHEP chose to no longer seek recognition from the USDE.
Value Engineering5 A review of engineering systems in a project to verify that the best system has been chosen given the budget and the functional criteria.
VET7 American Veterinary Medical Association: veterinary medicine
Visiting Committee3 When a school is ready for an accreditation site visit, WASC appoints a Visiting Committee, usually consisting of 3-8 members, who are educators. They receive specific training for accreditation visits in order to understand the policies and procedures of WASC. The Visiting Committee is led by a chairperson and is responsible to produce a Visiting Committee Report and a Documentation and Justification Statement to the WASC Commission at the conclusion of each visit.
Visiting Committee Chairperson3 WASC appoints a chairperson of each Visiting Committee to serve as the leader and liaison between WASC and the school. The chairperson is responsible to see that the visit goes smoothly and effectively, and he/she oversees the writing of all documents and reports.
Visiting Committee Report3 At the conclusion of each site visit, the Visiting Committee writes a Visiting Committee Report that outlines its findings. This is sent to the WASC Commission to assist them as they make term determinations.
Vocational Education2 A program of training to prepare students for gainful employment in a recognized occupation.
Voluntary Withdrawal of Accreditation13 This occurs when a sponsoring institution requests that its program(s) be removed from the CAAHEP system of accreditation. A program may voluntarily withdraw from the CAAHEP system of accreditation at any time.
VPAA6 Vice President, Academic Affairs
VPBS6 Vice President, Business Services
VPSS6 Vice President, Student Services
Walsh-Healy Public Contracts Act14 Federal Records: Amounts & dates of actual payment, name, address, gender, birthdate, and identification of contract for any employee under age 19; annual summary of occupational injuries. (Retention=3 years from the end of the contract. Employee and earnings records, wage rate tables and work time schedules must be kept for 2 years.)
WASC3 Western Association of Schools and Colleges
WASC Affiliate Organizations3 WASC has developed partnerships with 18 organizations or agencies in accreditation activities. WASC works with its partners in arranging accreditation visits, upgrading materials, revising criteria, and meeting specific needs of each organization.
WASC Words3 Every year WASC publishes an annual newsletter, WASC Words. It provides summary statistics from the year’s accreditation work and provides articles of interest and messages from the WASC leadership.
Webinars3 WASC offers meetings and training sessions online to save on travel costs and time. Webinars are becoming a popular way to keep updated on WASC policies and procedures.
Weekly Student Contact Hours (WSCH)5 The number of students in the program multiplied by the number of hours students spend in the program. Enrollment is divided by programs and translated into “weekly student contact hours” (WSCH) – the average number of hours of student instruction conducted in a week in a primary term of an academic year.
Withdraw Accreditation1 Accreditation status indicating a program is no longer accredited by ALA, as of the date specified by the COA. A school and institution may voluntarily withdraw its accredited program from the ALA accreditation process. The COA may withdraw accreditation for serious lack of conformity to the Standards for failure to participate in the process, or for not meeting financial obligations to the COA.
Withhold of Accreditation13 This occurs when a program seeking initial accreditation is not in compliance with the accreditation Standards making it impossible for the CoA to forward a positive accreditation recommendation.




  1. American Library Association
  2. Department of Education, "Database of Accredited Postsecondary Institutions & Programs"
  3. Accrediting Commission for Schools, WASC Glossary
  4. Accrediting Commission for Community & Junior Colleges
  5. Facilities Planning Unit, RCC District
  6. Moreno Valley College
  7. Higher Education Directory: Acronyms of Accreditations
  8. National Archives: Federal Register
  9. Community College League of California
  10. RCCD Administrative Procedure (AP): General Institution--AP No. 3110: Organization Definitions/Terminology (Admin. Approval 9/28/09)
  11. Council for Higher Education Accreditation: "An Overview of U.S. Accreditation," Revised August 2012
  12. ACCJC News FALL 2012
  13. Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP)
  14. Federal Records Retention Chart
  15. Agreement between RCCD and RCCD Faculty Association (CCA/CTA/NEA) 2007-2010